CSV Log Parser

Using the csv log parser, the process of parsing files in CSV format is based on converting each row into a simple JSON object mapping keys to values. To do that, each column must be given a name.

CSV logs without header

To parse CSV logs without a header row, Panther needs to know which names to assign to each column.

Let's assume our logs are CSV with 7 columns: year, month, day, time, action, ip_address, message. Some example rows of this file could be:

2020,09,01,10:35:25,RESTART,-,"System restarts"

We would use the following LogSchema to define log type:

    # CSV files come in many flavors and you can choose the delimiter character to split each row
    delimiter: "," 
    # Names in the 'columns' array will be mapped to columns in each row.
    # If you want to skip a column, you can set the name at the same index to an empty string ("")
    - year
    - month
    - day
    - time
    - action
    - ip_address
    - message
    # CSV files sometimes use placeholder values for missing or N/A data.
    # You can define such values with 'emptyValues' and they will be ignored.
    emptyValues: ["-"]
    # The 'expandFields' directive will render a template string injecting generated fields into the key/value pairs
      # Since the timestamp is split across multiple columns, we need to re-assemble it into RFC3339 format
      # The following will add a 'timestamp' field by replacing the fields from CSV values
      timestamp: '%{year}-%{month}-%{day}T%{time}Z'
- name: timestamp
  type: timestamp
   - rfc3339
  isEventTime: true
  required: true
- name: action
  type: string
  required: true
- name: ip_address
  type: string
  indicators: [ip]
- name: message
  type: string

CSV logs with header

Avoid using such schemas in combination with others. Use a separate source or S3 prefix.

To parse CSV logs that starts with a header row, Panther has two options:

  • Use the names defined in the header as the names for the JSON fields or,

  • Skip the header and define the names the same way we did for headerless CSV files

To use the names in the header the configuration for the parser should be:

    delimiter: "," 
    # Setting 'hasHeader' to true without specifying a 'columns' field,
    # tells Panther to set the column names from values in the header.
    hasHeader: true
    # In case you want to rename a column you can use the 'expandFields' directive
      # Let's assume that the header contains '$cost' as column name and you want to 'normalize' it as 'cost_us_dollars'
      "cost_us_dollars": '%{$cost}'

To ignore the header and define your set of names for the columns use:

    delimiter: "," 
    # Setting 'hasHeader' to true while also specifying a 'columns' field, 
    # tells Panther to ignore the header and use the names in the 'columns' array
    hasHeader: true
    - foo
    - bar
    - baz

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